||Fig (English), Higo (Spanish), Figue (French), Feige (German), Fico (Italian).
||Moraceae (Mulberry family). Division: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, SubClass: Hamamelidae, Order: Urticales, Family: Moraceae.
||The fig is believed to be indigenous to western Asia and to have been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area. Remnants of figs have been found in excavations of sites traced to at least 5,000 B.C.
||The fig is a picturesque deciduous tree, up to 15m tall, but more typically to a height of 3-10m. Their branches are muscular and twisting, spreading wider than they are tall. Fig wood is weak and decays rapidly. The trunk often bears large nodal tumors, where branches have been shed or removed. The twigs are terete and pithy rather than woody. The sap contains copious milky latex that is irritating to human skin. The bark is smooth and silvery gray. Fig trees often grow as a multiple-branched shrub. Fig leaves are bright green, single, alternate and large (to 25cm length). They are more or less deeply lobed with 1 to 5 sinuses, rough hairy on the upper surface and soft hairy on the underside. In summer their foliage lends a beautiful tropical feeling. The tiny flowers of the fig are out of sight, clustered inside the green fruits, technically a synconium. Pollinating insects gain access to the flowers through an opening at the apex of the synconium.